Family planning

UNFPA supports Turkmenistan’s progressive efforts to ensure that every woman exercises her right to decide on when and how many children she will have, to a safe pregnancy and childbirth.

Access to safe, voluntary family planning is a human right. Family planning is central to gender equality and women’s empowerment, and it is one of the key factors in achieving socio-economic development.

UNFPA supports Turkmenistan’s progressive efforts to ensure that every woman exercises her right to decide on when and how many children she will have, to a safe pregnancy and childbirth.

Access to safe, voluntary family planning is a human right. Family planning is central to gender equality and women’s empowerment, and it is one of the key factors in achieving socio-economic development.

UNFPA works to support family planning by: ensuring a steady, reliable supply of quality contraceptives; strengthening national health systems; advocating for policies supportive of family planning; and gathering data to support this work.

UNFPA also provides global leadership in increasing access to family planning, by convening partners – including governments – to develop evidence and policies, and by offering programmatic, technical and financial assistance to developing countries.

Women’s and adolescents’ right to information on family planning and services is grounded in basic human rights. The Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) recognized “the right of men and women to be informed and to have access to safe, effective, affordable and acceptable methods of family planning of their choice.” This agreement lays the foundation for much of UNFPA’s work.

Access to sexual and reproductive health – including contraception/family planning and maternal health – for all women and young people is a human right and critical to saving lives, advancing development and promoting gender equality.  It must be the core of sustainable development.

Family planning saves lives

There is a belief that the use of contraception and family planning services can affect the fertility rate of a country.  However, multiple scientific studies show that it is a myth.  The studies prove the absence of correlation between fertility rate and contraception prevalence rate.

Contraceptives prevent unintended pregnancies, reduce the number of abortions, and lower the incidence of death and disability related to complications of pregnancy and childbirth.  Since 2010, UNFPA Turkmenistan has procured contraceptives in amount of $318,859 which in turn generated 490,247 Couple Year Protection (CYPs), averted 76,296 unsafe abortions, and 492 maternal deaths in the country. UNFPA never promotes abortion as a method of family planning.

Additionally, male and female condoms, when used correctly and consistently, provide dual protection against both unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV.   

Family planning empowers women

Access to reproductive health information and services is central to achieving gender equality. When women and couples are empowered to plan whether and when to have children, women are better enabled to complete their education; women’s autonomy within their households is increased; and their earning power is improved. This strengthens their economic security and well-being and that of their families.

Cumulatively, these benefits contribute to socio-economic development.

UNFPA’s work

UNFPA works at every level to improve access to family planning and empower individual choices, partnering with governments, public organizations and the private sector. With its partners, UNFPA helps to strengthen community-based and youth-friendly reproductive health services.