UNFPA began its support to Turkmenistan in 1992 from training of the medical personnel, delivery of medical equipment and supply of contraceptives. Today, UNFPA implements the fourth Country Programme Action Plan for the period of 2016-2020. 

The new Country Programme is co-financed by the Government of Turkmenistan.

The fourth Country Programme will shift to advocacy and upstream policy support and strengthening institutional capacities. It will involve upstream policy engagement aimed at developing evidence-based programmes related to reproductive health, gender, youth, and data for development.

More specifically, the new Country Programme for the period of 2016-2020 will build on the achievements of the previous programmes and will focus on:

  • Reproductive health and rights
    • Increasing the availability and use of integrated sexual and reproductive health services (including family planning, maternal health, cervical cancer and STI/HIV) that are gender-responsive and meet human rights standards for quality of care and equity in access
  • Young people’s sexual and reproductive health and sexuality education
    • Increasing priority on adolescents, especially on very young adolescent girls, in national development policies and programmes, particularly increasing availability of comprehensive reproductive health education 
  • Gender equality
    • Advancing gender equality, women’s and girls’ empowerment, and reproductive rights, including for the most vulnerable and marginalized women, adolescents and youth
  • Population and Development
    • Strengthening national policies and international development agendas through integration of evidence-based analysis on population dynamics and their links to sustainable development, reproductive health and reproductive rights, HIV and gender equality.

Key Achievements:

During the previous cycle of strategic cooperation, the UNFPA-supported programmes in Turkmenistan produced sustainable and sound results at policy level. 

  • UNFPA advocacy and technical expertise contributed to strengthened health system in the country to effectively deliver mother/newborn and family planning services.  UNFPA supported the Government of Turkmenistan in development of three National Strategies, two National Programmes and three National Action Plans on reproductive health, cervical cancer, response to HIV and adolescents’ health, as well as 49 clinical protocols on maternal and newborn health services,
  • Turkmenistan conducted Health Behavior in School-aged Children survey, first in Central Asian region, the results of which served as the basis for the National Strategy on Mothers, Children and Adolescents health.
  • The number of complicated deliveries reduced by 42% and the number of emergency obstetric care service delivery points increased 2.7 times since 2009.
  • UNFPA advocacy has contributed to the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding on procurement of contraceptives on state budget. 
  • UNFPA facilitated development of the CEDAW recommended National Action Plan on Gender Equality in Turkmenistan for 2016-2020, which addresses reproductive health and reproductive rights, and envisages conducting the first-ever domestic violence survey. 
  • Strategic partnership was established with the Parliament on youth policy and gender mainstreaming. UNFPA contributed to adoption of the Law on Youth Policy and State Programme on implementation of the Youth Policy.
  • Launch of youth peer education centers significantly increased access of adolescents and youth to reliable knowledge on reproductive health and reproductive rights.